The Review recommends a pathway of staged reform. Urgent reform, medium-term priorities and long-term action are all required to deliver the comprehensive change that is needed. Not everything can be done straight away, and transition periods will be required. The details of complex policy challenges will take time to work through, to ensure any change to legislation and the administration of the law is set up for success. However, given the urgent concerns identified by this Review, the Australian Government should not wait for everything to be ready.
For the staged reform pathway to work, foundational reforms must commence immediately to amend the EPBC Act and make the National Environmental Standards. Reforms to enable improved data and information, monitoring and planning and restoration should commence immediately and be in place within the next year 2 years (Figure 12).